Monkey Forest Ubud
The sacred sanctuary of Ubud Monkey Forest is located on the southern border of Ubud town around 3 km south of central town with a leading road also with the name of Monkey Forest Street. Ubud Monkey Forest can be reached by many sides besides from central town of Ubud, from eastern corner of Ubud and from southern area of Ubud. The distance from Kuta is arround 55 km, from Sanur around 40 km, and from Nusa Dua area arround 65 km.
Ubud Monkey Forest is a nature reserve and temple complex in Ubud, Bali. its full name as written on a welcome sign is the Padangtegal Mandala Wisata Wanara Wana Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary. Ubud Monkey Forest complex houses approximately 340 (Macaca Fascicularis) monkeys (32 adult males, 19 male sub adult, 77 adult females, 122 juvenile and 54 infants). Crab-eating Macaque Ubud Monkey Forest is a small rain forestdwelt by some group of monkeys and other tropical animals. it is strategically loacted in the hearth of Ubud Village. Monkey Forests in Balinese language called Wanara Wana are spread out in the island and Ubud Monkey Forest itself own very important function of the continuity the Monkey habitat in Bali. Meanwhile the local community own important role to keep this forest naturally in order to all wild animals able to live smoothly.
Based on an analysis of a manuscript called Pura Purana ( Meaning history of a Pura) which is considered a holy writing the temple was built around 14th century during the reign of kings with the palace in Pejeng. if this assumption is taken the establishment of the temple would be before 1343 AD, not at the beginning of Gelgel Palace which is far behind around 17th century. There are three temples in The Sacred Monkey Forest namely :
1. Pura Dalem Agung, located at the south western corner of the main forest area. This temple is the most prominent in Monkey Forest.
2. The Holy Bathing Temple, located down steps close to the water stream is divided into 3 courtyards (Mandalas) with pools.
3. The Prajapati Temple with cemetery located at the southernmost of the area.